Ádám Medveczky was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1941. His studies included piano and percussion studies. He joined the Hungarian State Symphony Orchestra in 1960 as a timpanist, where he remained in the following nine years.
He began his conducting studies at the Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music in Budapest in 1968. Having graduated, he attended different courses in Italy.
In 1969, he joined the Hungarian State Opera as répétiteur. Later he became permanent conductor. He has been working with the Opera ever since. In 1990, he was appointed principal music director, which post he held for three years.
In 1974, he came second in the first-ever International Conducting Competition organized by the Hungarian Television. In the same year he became a teacher at the Academy of Music as well. Initially, he was head of youth orchestra, presently he is associate professor at the Vocal And Opera Studies and the Conducting Department.
He held the post of artistic director of the Hungarian Post Office Orchestra between 1988 and 1997.
From 1997 he was principal conductor of the Győr Philharmonic Orchestra until 2010.
Although 1997 he is most active in his native country as a conductor, he has led orchestras in almost all nations of Europe, and he has been guest conductor in North and South America as well as Asia.
He was awarded the Liszt Ferenc prize in 1976. He was a Merit Award recipient in 1988. In 2011, he received the most prestigious Kossuth Prize.